Enrolment in professional education has risen constantly, which translates to a shorter transit from the classroom to the workplace.
At the end of 2014, a total of 156,345 people were enrolled in a form of professional education, 17% more than four years ago. At the same time, more than 74% of them were in post-high schools (97,640 individuals in 2014 compared to 20,000 in 2011).
A tremendous increase was observed in foremen schools, where about 50,000 individuals were enrolled in 2014 compared to 10,300 in 2011. Finally, smaller increases were observed regarding special post-secondary schools and special post-secondary schools – cycle 2.
The quality of education in Romania is recognized internationally, local students consistently ranking in the top 10 in International Olympiad competitions in math and informatics, better than any other country in the EU.
The focus on technical subjects is significant, with the number of engineers/ capita higher than the US, India, China or Russia. Also, 99% of Romanian students learn two or more foreign languages in upper secondary education.
Over 25% of graduating students will have a technical degree followed by approx. another quarter of students in business and economics.
With 5 polytechnic universities, 59 domain specific universities and 174 private colleges, the most successful students tend to pick high tech industries, such as IT – the local education system supplies over 7,000 IT&C engineers every year.
Romanian universities have been in the top 3 of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Design Competition every year since 2001.
Employee specialization by main economic sectors
Romanian employees are mainly specialized in the Industry sector, about 28.5 percent of total employees working in this sector. At the same time, the Services sector hires about 25 percent of employees, coming in second place in the hierarchy regarding employees’ specialization.
The third most important sector in terms of Romanian employee specialization is wholesale and retail trade – including the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, with 7.7 percent of employees.