Location: Eastern Romania (County: Constanta)
Elevation: 0 -190 ft. (0-60 meters)
Size:22.4 sq. miles (58 sq. kilometers)
Inhabited since: 700 BC
First documented: 300 BC (Tomis)
Probably, the world’s best city!
Situated at the crossroads of several commercial routes, Constanta lies on the western coast of the Black Sea, 185 miles from the Bosphorus Strait. An ancient metropolis and Romania’s largest sea port, Constanta traces its history some 2,500 years. Originally called Tomis, legend has it that Jason landed here with the Argonauts after finding the Golden Fleece.
Constanta – History and Archeology MuseumFounded by Greek colonists from Miletos in the 6th century BC, Tomis was conquered by the Romans in 71 BC and renamed Constantiana by Roman Emperor Constantine the Great in honor of his sister. The name was shortened to Constanta during the Ottoman era. During the 13th century, Italy, especially Genoese merchants, dominated the Black Sea and Constanta flourished, only to decline two centuries later under Turkish rule.
Fine mansions and hotels were built in the 19th century when King Carol I decided to revive Constanta as a port and seaside resort.
The third largest city in Romania, Constanta is now an important cultural and economic centre, worth exploring for its archaeological treasures and the atmosphere of the old town centre.
Its historical monuments, ancient ruins, grand Casino, museums and shops, and proximity to beach resorts make it the focal point of Black Sea coast tourism. Open-air restaurants, nightclubs and cabarets offer a wide variety of entertainment.
Constanta is the fourth largest port in Europe, ranked just after Rotterdam, Antwerp and Marseille.
While in the area, you can visit traditional villages, vineyards, ancient monuments and the Danube Delta, a bird-lover’s paradise.